Description of Ficus Plants
Ficus are about 900 species of plants, shrubs and vines in the family of Moraceae. Many of these species are commonly known as figs. These plants are mostly found in the tropical areas of the world. Ficus are ever-green trees with waxy leaves. The leaves produce yellow or white latex when it’s broken down. Many species of Ficus has aerial roots and some of these trees are also found in the non-tropic region. The tree also produces a hollow fruit which is called ‘syconium’. The fruit encloses small male and female flowers inside it in a bunch.
Pollination of the Ficus
The Ficus are pollinated by a house of wasp. This is a special pollination syndrome. The impact of the Ficus pollination greatly affects the tropical ecology. The fruit crop of the Ficus ripens rapidly as soon as the wasp leaves the Ficus plant. When the fruit crop ripens it attracts different mammals or birds to enjoy the Ficus fruit. In this way, the tree attracts many wasps to pollinate the fruit which makes it ripe quickly and ready to be harvested. This is a whole cycle which ensures a consistent and steady supply of the fruit for the mammals and birds.
Important uses of Ficus Plants
The Ficus plant is more popular in India as a natural remedy. This is basically an ancient medical remedy used in India when there was no effective development of medicines. The Indians used this plant to heal numerous diseases, wounds or sores. Some of the diseases cured were diabetes, inflammation, diarrhea, liver disease, respiratory infection, hemorrhoids, urinary infections and different common illnesses. Later on in Pharmacology it was used to make antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medicines. Therefore, due to these impactful uses of this plant the scientists have considered to be the most important specie in making the medicines.
Some benefits of keeping Ficus plants at home
Ficus plants can also be kept at home. They can be a suitable indoor plant to be kept in your living area in order to feel connected with nature. It is very effective to keep Ficus plants at home as they purify the air inside the house. The maintenance cost of these plants is very low so you can easily keep it indoor or outdoor. These plants create a healthy environment in the house by purifying the air and excreting out fresh air.
How can we grow Ficus plant indoor?
You can easily grow Ficus pant inside your home, but this activity needs a lot of care and attention. The maintenance of Ficus is very basic. Following tips should be kept in mind:
- Water the plant weekly, especially in summer, with room temperature water. Keep adding water until it drains out completely form the bottom.
- For pruning, use sterilized tools to keep the shape and size of the canopy.
- Fertilize the plant frequently during its growing period. This will help to grow the plant quickly.
- The Ficus are temperature sensitive. They shed their leaves if their position is changed frequently.