Overview of Hibiscus
Hibiscus is a flowering plant genus which loves to grow in tropical and desert areas because it loves the warmth and sunlight. You’ll find the hibiscus growing in areas like this all around the world.
What is unique about this flowering plant is its aesthetic appeal. It is a large red flower which gets used often as an ornamental plant. In some cultures, they even brew tea from the red petals of the hibiscus plant. Hibiscus tea contains a high amount of Vitamin C.
There are two variations of the hibiscus plant: the perennial hibiscus and tropical hibiscus. The perennial hibiscus may live for at least two years while the tropical hibiscus likely won’t live longer than one growing season. Even though the tropical plant is called an annual plant, it won’t necessarily survive an entire year with four seasons. It will only survive the season in which it grows.
Planting a Hibiscus
Are you growing a garden in your backyard? If so, then a hibiscus plant will look great in it. A healthy garden should already have a lot of sun exposure, which is perfect for growing a hibiscus plant. But if you don’t have a garden, then find an area on your property with no trees or shades.
For a tropical hibiscus, make sure the soil is not too dry. The soil needs just the right amount of consistent moisture, but with the ability to drain properly. Perennial hibiscus has almost the same requirements for its soil, except that the soil needs even more moisture. A lower area on your property would be perfect for planning a perennial hibiscus because the soil will build up more moisture there.
Of course, you may be living in an environment which has fluctuating temperatures and dry soil. In that case, you shouldn’t just keep the plant in the ground. It is a lot easier if you grow the plant inside a flowerpot. Then you’ll be able to bring the plant outside and inside at your convenience.
For example, if the temperature outside is higher than 50°F during the day and then gets colder at nighttime, then you should only leave the flowerpot outside when the sunlight is present. Once it turns dark, you should bring the flowerpot inside and store it in a warm room. If you have artificial UV lighting available for the flower, then it is even better.
It is best to start growing hibiscus in the springtime. This is just when the temperatures start to get warmer. By the summertime, the hibiscus will have a high-quality root system in place to grow beautifully. The flower will bloom to its fullest extent toward the end of the summer.
Remember that a perennial hibiscus has a better chance of surviving the winter than the tropical hibiscus. If you bring the plants inside and provide the soil with the proper moisture and UV lighting, then it is possible for the plants to survive a brutal winter.
Watering and Feeding
Due to the moisture requirements of the soil, you must water your hibiscus plants every few days after you first plant them. A couple of weeks later, you can water the plant two times per week if it’s a perennial hibiscus. If the plant survives the first season, then you can reduce the watering to one time weekly for the next growing season. But if the perennial hibiscus is constantly outside and it rains a lot, then you can avoid watering them. As for the tropical hibiscus, you should water the plant every day toward the end of the first growing season.
Any hibiscus plant needs the right soil for their feeding. You probably don’t have the right soil on your property, so you’ll need to purchase it separately. Go to the gardening section of any supermarket or home improvement store, and you’ll find bags of moisture-controlled soil available for sale. That is the kind of soil that’ll help your hibiscus flowers bloom the most. When you water plants in this soil, the moisture will stay absorbed for a lot longer than standard soil.
Okay, let’s go over the basics very quickly. Hibiscus plants need sunlight, so plant them under the sun in the springtime. The soil must contain a consistent amount of moisture for the flowers to survive. Water the plants regularly throughout the growing season. If the temperature is too cold, you can take the plants inside to a warm room and use UV lighting to help them grow.