Overview of Plumeria
Plumeria is a tropical flowering plant with several different species which come in the form of little trees and shrubs. They are native to three locations: the Caribbean, Mexico, and Central America. You can also find a few species in Brazil and Florida as well. Pretty much any warm location will provide a suitable environment for plumerias to grow and prosper.
On these small trees, you can find flowers with either red, pink, yellow, or white petals. A lot of people like to mix the flower colors together and create a beautiful appearance for their garden, fence or anywhere else around their home. In addition to their aesthetic appeal, plumeria also provides a pleasant fragrance that you’ll just love to be around. You can grow them indoors or outdoors, but it is always easier to grow it outdoors if the environmental conditions are right.
About Planting Plumeria
Plumeria plants grow better in drier soils. Desert or tropical locations with sandy surfaces are perfect for growing these plants. That doesn’t mean you don’t water the plants, though. Plumeria should be watered infrequently over the course of the growing season. It all depends on how often it rains outside where you’re located. Just make sure the soil drains well.
Plumerias require a minimum of 6 hours of sunlight per day. Since they’re traditionally tropical plants, they thrive on direct sun exposure and heat. An average amount of wind or salty air won’t necessarily damage the plants if you live near the beach. What you need to watch out for carefully are the cold temperatures. If you live in a colder region of the world, then consider growing the plumeria in an indoor container rather than in outside soil.
If you live in a region where it is hot in the summer and cold in the winter, you can transplant the plumeria between the soil outside and the container throughout the year. Keep the plumeria growing outside during the summer and in the container indoors during the winter. To make this process easier, you can place the plumeria container in the ground soil during the summer so that you don’t disturb the root ball. Then just remove the container from the soil and bring it inside as the temperatures drop throughout the fall season.
Care and Maintenance
There is not much care or maintenance required for a plumeria. You only irrigate the plant periodically with a deep watering of the soil. Don’t water the plant again until the soil has time to dry out. Most of the watering is done during the spring and summer. By late fall, you can do less watering as the coldness approaches. Then, in the wintertime, you don’t do any watering. When the springtime rolls around, you can start watering the plants again.
During the growing season, fertilizer must be applied to the soil every 2 to 3 weeks. This should be a very phosphorus fertilizer because it’ll make the flowers bloom more. Avoid excessive amounts of nitrogen on the flowers because that’ll just cause less blooming and more foliage.
About a foot up from the ground, you can prune the dead leaves of the plumerias as needed. It is best to prune the plumerias during the mid-winter and early spring, just before the next growing season. Don’t get too carried away with the pruning because it might cause less flowering if you cut too much off.
The easiest way to get started with growing plumeria is to use cuttings. You can purchase the plumeria cuttings at any gardening store. Buy some dry pot mix and fill up a flowerpot with it. Now place the cuttings around two inches into the soil mix. Keep it indoors and water it enough so that the soil settles with the root ball. Don’t apply light amounts of water to the plumeria every day. Once the soil has settled, you can start deep watering it infrequently.
Some people use plumeria to make a natural skin moisturizer. Plumer contains anti-inflammatory properties which are supposed to help relieve dry, cracked skin and reduce headaches and back pain in the body. The fragrance alone is a form of aromatherapy which could reduce the latter symptoms too.