Top 100 Desert Plants

Desert Plants – Here is a list of 100 of my favorite desert plants. This doesn’t mean there aren’t other desert plants you can enjoy and do well in desert, but these seem to be the most fun to grow in desert gardens.

They are in no particular order. This list took me over a week to line up, so I hope you enjoy!

1. Oleander (Nerium oleander)

Few things in the desert hold up to our insanely hot summers like the good old oleander. These guys grow quickly, withstand reflective heat, dry conditions, horrific soil and just about anything you can throw at it. They come in dwarf varieties in colors like pink, red and white. If you look around you might find double flower varieties as well, which looks almost like a carnation. Oleander seeds germinate very easily.

2. Bismark Palmetto

This lovely palm is sure to stand out in any desert landscape. It has a gorgeous silvery-blue color with a deep mahogany colored trunk. The palm is drought tolerant once established, fast-growing and can get quite large. It looks amazing at night when lit up from the ground. These palms are hard to find at nurseries and big box stores. Moon Valley Nursery tends to carry them. They are pricey there. There are also a few shops online that carry them as well, a quick search will pull them up.

3. Saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea)

A gentle giant that stands up to incredible climate conditions, poor soil and desert critters. The edible fruit matures in the summer and is enjoyed by birds and other desert dwellers. These cacti can grow as tall as 40 feet, so allow a lot of space if you’re planning on using them in a desert landscape. This is the “typical” cactus you see in western movies, but these grow primarily throughout Arizona, California and parts of Northern Mexico.

4. Desert Willow

The Desert Willow also known as Chilopsis linearis is a highly tolerant, unique plant that blossoms its shade from purple, pink, white or yellow. They range from Nevada, southern California, through New Mexico and Arizona to northern Mexico and west Texas. Its main habitat ranges from the low desert to the grasslands. The desert willow has very rapid developing shrubs that can grow for about 30 feet long and about 20 feet in diameter.

5. Ficus

Ficus are about 900 species of plants, shrubs and vines in the family of Moraceae. Many of these species are commonly known as figs. These plants are mostly found in the tropical areas of the world. Ficus are ever-green trees with waxy leaves. The leaves produce yellow or white latex when it’s broken down. Many species of Ficus has aerial roots and some of these trees are also found in the non-tropic region. The tree also produces a hollow fruit which is called ‘syconium’. The fruit encloses small male and female flowers inside it in a bunch.

6. Golden Barrel

The Golden Barrel cactus, also known as golden ball cactus with a botanical name Echinocactus is a popular slow growing desert plant known for its remarkable golden spines. The golden barrel is native to both South and North America. The plant is usually very scarce and endangered but can live for up to 30 years in the wild. It is usually found growing in volcanic rocks on slopes that has an altitude of about 1400 meters.

7. Hesperaloe

The Hesperaloe plants have a very unique design and because of their unique design, the Hesperaloe plants are considered as one of the most used ornamental plants throughout America, Mexico and other parts of the world. They are usually used to enhance the beauty of the landscape. It would also make for an amazing gift. It can also be used to attract humming birds. The plant can be grown in pots and arranged on side of the swimming pool, arrange on the entrance and in other areas around the house in order to enhance the beauty of landscape.

8. Lantana

Lantana is the term given to a genus of almost 150 flowering plants. These plants are native to the tropical regions of south America, central America and Africa. The plant is also found in Australia however it is not native to Australia. It was only introduced in the country in 1841 as an ornamental plant.

9. Orange Tree

For almost 30 years, the orange tree has been the most cultivated tree in the world. The tree is known to originate in Ancient China however with time its cultivation has spread to almost all corners of the world. In the present world nearly all countries in the world cultivate orange trees.

10. Pindo Palm

You think of Florida and the first thing or name that comes to your mind is Pindo Palm tree. There are the types of palm trees which can tolerate to live and grow well in extreme cold regions of the world, unlike the normal palm trees which die due to cold temperatures. They are also known as jelly palms and they grow very slowly in the cooler regions. On average, they grow mature to be 15 to 20 feet tall. Their trunk also grows about 1 to 1.5 feet in diameter.

11. California Fan Palm

12. Canary Island Date Palm

13. Queen Palm

14. Texas Olive

15. Ocotillo

16. Pygmy Date Palm

17. Bougainvillea

18. Lemon Tree

19. Lime Tree

20. Emu Bush

21. Mexican Bird of Paradise

22. Hardenbergia

23. Ponytail Palm

24. Desert Spoon

25. Geranium

26. Baja Fairy Duster

27. Medicinal Aloe

28. Prickly Pear Cactus

29. Grapefruit Tree

30. Palo Brea

31. Palo Verde

32. Chilean Mesquite

33. Red Barrel Cactus

34. Mexican Fence Post Cactus

35. Totem Pole Cactus

36. Penstemon

37. Eucalyptus

38. Foxtail Agave (Agave attenuata)

39. Jacaranda

40. Texas Mountain Laurel

41. Joshua Tree

42. Century Plant (Agave americana)

43. Soaptree Yucca

44. Teddybear Cholla

45. Ice Plant

46. Lady Banks Rose

47. Date Palm

48. Ironwood

49. Hibiscus

50. Golden Torch Cactus

51. Red Bird of Paradise

52. Plumeria

53. Guava

54. Avocado

55. Basil

56. Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus

57. Peruvian Apple Cactus

58. Salvia

59. Bottlebrush

60. Roses

61. Chuparosa

62. Old Man Cactus

63. Cardon

64. Senita

65. Fire Sticks

66. Senegal Date Palm

67. Soft Tip Yucca

68. Elephant Bush (Portulacarea afra)

69. Potato Bush

70. Mexican Heather

71. Chaste Tree (Vitex agnes castus)

72. California Poppy

73. Vinca

74. Pomegranate

75. Lady Slipper

76. Mediterranean Fan Palm

77. Trichocereus grandiflorus

78. Fishhook Barrel Cactus

79. Lavender

80. Torch Glow

81. Triangle Leaf Bursage

82. Natal Plum

83. Eve’s Needle Cactus

84. Candelabra Cactus

85. Dragon’s Blood Tree

86. Chainfruit Cholla

87. Pink Fairy Duster

88. Crape Myrtle

89. Bookleaf Mallee

90. Sago Palm

91. Red Gum Tree

92. Arizona Ash

93. Jojoba

94. Octopus Agave

95. Desert Agave

96. Desert Ruellia

97. Baja Ruellia

98. Almond Tree

99. Peach Tree

100. Rosemary